Life in Religions

What does Islam say about Mothers?

In the Name of Allah Most Beneficent Most Merciful

Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad his family and companions.

Islam give high respect and honour to mothers of every believing men and women. The foundation of Islam stands intact with family and neighbourhood values.  Islam is not just about making claims of the personal relationship with God. But to show the fruits of that personal relationship by loving and caring for family, parents and children.  Five mighty chapters  (Surah) of the Quran are named after Family ,Mother or Women.

They are: Aali Imran (Family of Imaran) Quran Chapter 3

An-Nisaa (The Women) Quran Chapter 4

Maryam (Mary) Quran Chapter 19

Al Mujaadila (The Pleading Woman) Quran Chapter 58

Sura At-Talaq (the Divorce)

Let’s see what does Islam say about mothers!

Mothers Duty to the Infants and their Rights from the Husbands during Breastfeeding:

Quran 2:233 Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No-one should be charged beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child. And on the (father’s) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after) consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish to give your children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provide that ye pay what is due from you in kindness. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.

Forbidden to Marry Mothers:

Quran 4:23 Forbidden to you (for marriage) are: your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father’s sisters, your mother’s sisters, your brother’s daughters, your sister’s daughters, your foster mother who gave you suck, your foster milk suckling sisters, your wives’ mothers, your step daughters under your guardianship, born of your wives to whom you have gone in – but there is no sin on you if you have not gone in them (to marry their daughters), – the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins, and two sisters in wedlock at the same time, except for what has already passed; verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

To be Dutiful to Mothers:

Quran 4:36 Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful;

Quran 19:32 And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a wretched tyrant.

Quran 46:15 And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. His mother bears him with hardship and she brings him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty (30) months, till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years, he says: “My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please You, and make my off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will).”

Prayers for Parents, children and for all Believers:

Quran 71:28 “My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. And to the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers, etc.) grant You no increase but destruction!”

 Quran 17:23-24  And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.”
Quran 14:41 Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers the Day the account is established.” 

The Wives of Prophets are Mothers of the believers:

Quran 33:6 The Prophet is closer to the believers than their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers. And the owners of kinship are closer one to another in the ordinance of Allah than (other) believers and the fugitives (who fled from Mecca), except that ye should do kindness to your friends. This is written in the Book (of nature).

By this declaration of Quran, all true believers are the spiritual children of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him). No other religion or faith guarantee such a wonderful family for the believers!

THE VIRTUES OF MOTHERS IN THE WORDS OF THE PROPHET (PEACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALLAH BE UPON HIM)

1. The Prophet Muhammad said, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him: Your Heaven lies under the feet of your mother (Ahmad, Nasai).
 
2. A man came to the Prophet and said,O Messenger of God! Who among the people is the most worthy of my good companionship? The Prophet said: Your mother. The man said, ‘Then who?’ The Prophet said: Then your mother. The man further asked, ‘Then who?’ The Prophet said: Then your mother. The man asked again, ‘Then who?’ The Prophet said: Then your father. (Bukhari, Muslim).
 
3. Abu Usaid Saidi said: We were once sitting with The Messenger of Allah,when a man from the tribe of Salmah came and said to him: O Messenger of Allah! do my parents have rights over me even after they have died? And The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Yes. You must pray to Allah to bless them with His Forgiveness and Mercy, fulfil the promises they made to anyone, and respect their relations and their friends (Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah).
 
4. Abdullah ibn Amr related that the Messenger of Allah said: The major sins are to believe that Allah has partners, to disobey one’s parents, to commit murder, and to bear false witness (Bukhari, Muslim).
 
5. It is narrated by Asma bint Abu Bakr that during the treaty of Hudaibiyah, her mother, who was then pagan, came to see her from Makkah. Asma informed the Messenger of Allah of her arrival and also that she needed help. He said: Be good to your mother (Bukhari, Muslim).
(c) Outreachislam.org 11 March 2018
 
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